This study entitled “A Comparative Study of Growing Maize and Groundnuts on the Livelihood of Farmers: The Case of Nsinze Sub-County in Namutumba District” sought to understand the impact on the incomes of small-scale farms inNsinze Sub-County in Namutumba 44 Districtbetween the production of two crops, namely maize and groundnuts.The study’s specific objectives were to establish the connection between crop yields and people’s income,nutrition and health. Using probability and non-probability sampling techniques, the study collected data using questionnaires, interviews and observation from small-scale farmers in Nsinze Sub-County in Namutumba District. The major findingsof the study indicated that the yield of groundnuts was far higher than that of maize from the same unit area of land cultivated in Nsinze SubCounty in Namutumba District. Therefore, the study concludes that the yield of either maize or groundnuts from a unit area of land affects the income earned from the growing of the two crops by farmers in Nsinze Sub-County in Namutumba District.

Therefore, the study recommends that small-scale farms in Nsinze Sub-County in Namutumba District should be advised by their political leaders and NAADS officials to grow larger acreage of ground nuts than maize in order to earn more. Furthermore, the small-scale in Nsinze Sub-County in Namutumba District should also be given modern equipment, seeds and farming techniques to increase the yields of maize comparable to the unit harvest of groundnuts.